Consolidating democracy prerequisites Pornogame
" Populism of Democratic Consolidation: The Divide in Latin American Leadership." The SAIS Europe Journal of Global Affairs.
To think that democracy as we know it will triumph—or is even here to stay—is itself a form of determinism, driven by our own ethnocentricity.
Indeed, those who quote Alexis de Tocqueville in support of democracy's inevitability should pay heed to his observation that Americans, because of their (comparative) equality, exaggerate "the scope of human perfectibility." Despotism, Tocqueville went on, "is more particularly to be feared in democratic ages," because it thrives on the obsession with self and one's own security which equality fosters.
Foreign and domestic policy makers, academics, and World Bank (among other) development specialists are reluctant to confront culture.
But the failure to do so can be enormously costly for foreign policy, be it in the abortive imposition of democracy in Iraq or in efforts to accelerate the agonizingly slow pace of development in Africa, much of Latin America, and the Islamic world.
Many scholars posit that actors, inter alia political elites, are sine qua non to democratic-consolidation.